Opflow Submission Guidelines

Opflow solicits articles of interest to water treatment and supply operators and welcomes unsolicited contributions.

Most articles look at multiple types of technology (e.g., the differences among and uses of various types of valves) or are how-to case studies, written by utility staff or consulting partners, about how a utility solved a problem using a particular technology or product or adapted a certain process.

These case studies state a problem; look at various alternative solutions; and explain (generically) what process, technology, or equipment was selected to solve the problem as well as how it was applied. Articles usually are summarized by lessons learned during the selection and application processes, including what “not to do” as well as “what went right.”

Opflow articles use generic terms—not brand or company names. The articles explain the alternatives, as well as chosen methods, when looking at a product, technology, or methodology. As a membership organization, AWWA doesn't endorse particular products or technologies. The best endorsement for a process or technology is a successful case study.

  • Opflow articles are typically 1,200 to 2,000 words long.
  • Submitted articles are edited for style, length, and readability. Authors have the opportunity to review changes before publication.
  • Color photos—preferably high-resolution digital .jpg or .tif files at 300 dots per inch—are required for article layouts. Photos are even better when they include people performing their jobs.
  • Additional graphics should be submitted to highlight an article's key points. Please submit original source files used to create the graphics, as source files offer optimal translation into press-ready file formats. Examples of common graphics source files are .xls, .ppt, .eps, .ai, .psd, and .svg. Most software allows graphics to be exported into press-ready formats. In this case, authors may be asked to export files as .pdf, .eps, .svg, or .emf.
  • Submit a caption for each graphical element (e.g., figure, table, photograph) that stands on its own; i.e., readers should have all information needed to understand the image without having to refer to the text. 
  • Articles can be submitted as Word documents by email.
  • For more information, please visit About Opflow. Also, read Tell Your Story in Opflow (PDF), which is a column for people who aren’t writers but have stories to tell.