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Perspectives -- Need for Direct and Indirect Potable Water Reuse Specifications (PDF)

  • Author(s): Cotruvo, Joseph A.; Bell, Katherine Y.
  • Publications: Journal - American Water Works Association
  • Issue Date: February 2014
  • Volume / Number: 106, Number 2
  • Page(s): 28-30
  • DOI:
  • Product Number: JAW_0079560
Full Text: pdf

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The need for more efficient use of water from all of its sources has become axiomatic, and it is a critical issue in many water-short areas. Wastewater is a valuable commodity that can be processed, and its components can be completely reused for a variety of purposes including as a source of highly treated water for human consumption. Indirect potable reuse implies that reclaimed water is returned to the environment before being sourced for water supply. Direct potable reuse involves the delivery of highly treated reclaimed water (with or without retention in an engineered storage buffer) to a drinking water plant or distribution system.

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