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Evaluation of the Logistic Model for GAC Performance in Water Treatment (PDF)

  • Author(s): Li, Zhiwei; Buchberger, Steven G.; Clark, Robert M.; Yang, Y. Jeffrey; Swertfeger, Jeff
  • Publications: Journal - American Water Works Association
  • Issue Date: September 2012
  • Volume / Number: 104, Number 9
  • Page(s): E489-E500
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5942/jawwa.2012.104.0120
  • Product Number: JAW_0076361
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Abstract

Full-scale field measurement and rapid small-scale column test data from the Greater Cincinnati (Ohio) Water Works (GCWW) were used to calibrate and investigate the application of the logistic model for simulating breakthrough of total organic carbon (TOC) in granular activated carbon (GAC) contactors. The logistic model parameters were estimated using a nonlinear regression algorithm. The calibrated logistic model was validated using data from multiple GAC contactors operating in parallel at the GCWW Richard Miller Treatment Plant. This facility has experienced large seasonal variations in flow rate and TOC influent concentration. Proper estimation of logistic model parameters depends on the run-time length of the GAC breakthrough data set. A critical minimum run-time threshold must be achieved to produce reliable parameter estimates. A properly calibrated logistic model provides an effective tool for accurately simulating the blended TOC concentrations in the GAC contactor effluent at a municipal drinking water treatment plant.

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